rpm SPEC常用路径以及宏变量。

Valid RPM Macros

Here are the definitions for some common specfile macros as they are defined on Fedora Core 11 (rpm-4.7.0-1.fc11). For definitions of more macros, examine the output of “rpm –showrc “. To see the expanded definition of a macro use the command rpm –eval “%{macro}” . Note that neither command will take into account macros defined inside specfiles, but both will take into account macros defined in your ~/.rpmmacros file and macros defined on the command line. Keep in mind that some of these macros may evaluate differently on older Fedora or EPEL releases.


rpm --showrc>/usr/rpmShowrc.txt

Macros mimicking autoconf variables

%{_sysconfdir}        /etc
%{_prefix}            /usr
%{_exec_prefix}       %{_prefix}
%{_bindir}            %{_exec_prefix}/bin
%{_lib}               lib (lib64 on 64bit systems)
%{_libdir}            %{_exec_prefix}/%{_lib}
%{_libexecdir}        %{_exec_prefix}/libexec
%{_sbindir}           %{_exec_prefix}/sbin
%{_sharedstatedir}    /var/lib
%{_datadir}           %{_prefix}/share
%{_includedir}        %{_prefix}/include
%{_oldincludedir}     /usr/include
%{_infodir}           /usr/share/info
%{_mandir}            /usr/share/man
%{_localstatedir}     /var
%{_initddir}          %{_sysconfdir}/rc.d/init.d

RPM directory macros

%{_topdir}            %{getenv:HOME}/rpmbuild
%{_builddir}          %{_topdir}/BUILD
%{_rpmdir}            %{_topdir}/RPMS
%{_sourcedir}         %{_topdir}/SOURCES
%{_specdir}           %{_topdir}/SPECS
%{_srcrpmdir}         %{_topdir}/SRPMS
%{_buildrootdir}      %{_topdir}/BUILDROOT